Yin and Yang is the foundation of diagnosis and treatment in Chinese Medicine. The two opposite symbols are interdependent and one cannot exist without the other. The symbols Yin (which is black, or negative) and Yang (which is white and positive) have inner, smaller circles within them; Yin contains a Yang circle and Yang contains a Yin circle, showing that there is always Yin within Yang, and Yang within Yin. Hence, it can be understood that Yin and Yang depend on one another, as they each contain a part of their opposite. In Chinese Medicine, each and every organ has an element of Yin and Yang, and keeping them in balance is the key to good health. When one of these elements gets out of balance, a person becomes ill.
The Yin and Yang symbols have many unique qualities; Yin, being the negative force, has qualities of darkness, night, moon, shade, femininity, water, descent, etc. Yang, being the positive force, has qualities of being, activity, masculinity, sun, light, heavenly energy, expansion, ascent, fire, etc. There are many more qualities to add to the list, and the list could be endless.
The Yin and Yang components can be applied to the organs. For instance, Yin organs are the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys these are considered the “solid organs”. Blood and body fluids are also in the Yin category. The Yang organs are the small intestine, large intestine, bladder, gall bladder, and stomach, and they are called the “hollow organs”. When treating a patient, the practitioner of Chinese Medicine must determine where there is a predominance of Yang or Yin energy, and which organ needs to be treated.
By: Raphaela Sorkin